Friday, November 9, 2012

Hazard Communication Standard: Safety Data Sheets - Sections 12-14

Section 12: Ecological Information (non-mandatory)
This section provides information to evaluate the environmental impact of the chemical(s) if it
were released to the environment. The information may include:
• Data from toxicity tests performed on aquatic and/or terrestrial organisms, where available
(e.g., acute or chronic aquatic toxicity data for fish, algae, crustaceans, and other plants; toxicity
data on birds, bees, plants).
• Whether there is a potential for the chemical to persist and degrade in the environment either
through biodegradation or other processes, such as oxidation or hydrolysis.
• Results of tests of bioaccumulation potential, making reference to the octanol-water partition
coefficient (Kow) and the bioconcentration factor (BCF), where available.
• The potential for a substance to move from the soil to the groundwater (indicate results from
adsorption studies or leaching studies).
• Other adverse effects (e.g., environmental fate, ozone layer depletion potential, photochemical
ozone creation potential, endocrine disrupting potential, and/or global warming potential).
Section 13: Disposal Considerations (non-mandatory)
This section provides guidance on proper disposal practices, recycling or reclamation of the
chemical(s) or its container, and safe handling practices. To minimize exposure, this section
should also refer the reader to Section 8 (Exposure Controls/Personal Protection) of the SDS.
The information may include:
• Description of appropriate disposal containers to use.
• Recommendations of appropriate disposal methods to employ.
• Description of the physical and chemical properties that may affect disposal activities.
• Language discouraging sewage disposal.
• Any special precautions for landfills or incineration activities.
Section 14: Transport Information (non-mandatory)
This section provides guidance on classification information for shipping and transporting of
hazardous chemical(s) by road, air, rail, or sea. The information may include:
• UN number (i.e., four-figure identification number of the substance)2.
• UN proper shipping name2.
• Transport hazard class(es)2.
• Packing group number, if applicable, based on the degree of hazard2.
• Environmental hazards (e.g., identify if it is a marine pollutant according to the International
Maritime Dangerous Goods Code (IMDG Code)).
• Guidance on transport in bulk (according to Annex II of MARPOL 73/783 and the International
Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk
(International Bulk Chemical Code (IBC Code)).
• Any special precautions which an employee should be aware of or needs to comply with, in
connection with transport or conveyance either within or outside their premises (indicate
when information is not available).

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