Tuesday, August 27, 2013

Training Requirments for the Revised Hazard Communication Standard cont'd

✓ Pictogram: OSHA’s required pictograms must be in the shape of a square set at a point and include a black hazard symbol on a white background with a red frame sufficiently wide enough to be clearly visible. A square red frame set at a point without a hazard symbol is not a pictogram and is not permitted on the label. OSHA has designated eight pictograms under this standard for application to a hazard category.

✓ Hazard statement(s): describe the nature of the hazard(s) of a chemical, including, where appropriate, the degree of hazard. For example: “Causes damage to kidneys through prolonged or repeated exposure when absorbed through the skin.” All of the applicable hazard statements must appear on the label. Hazard statements may be combined where appropriate to reduce redundancies and improve readability. The hazard statements are specific to the hazard classification categories, and chemical users should always see the same statement for the same hazards, no matter what the chemical is or who produces it.

✓ Precautionary statement(s): means a phrase that describes recommended measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous chemical or improper storage or handling.

✓ Name, address and phone number of the chemical manufacturer, distributor, or importer

• How an employee might use the labels in the workplace. For example,

✓ Explain how information on the label can be used to ensure proper storage of hazardous chemicals.

✓ Explain how the information on the label might be used to quickly locate information on first aid when needed by employees or emergency personnel.

• General understanding of how the elements work together on a label. For example,

✓ Explain that where a chemical has multiple hazards, different pictograms are used to identify the various hazards. The employee should expect to see the appropriate pictogram for the corresponding hazard class.

✓ Explain that when there are similar precautionary statements, the one providing the most protective information will be included on the label.

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