Wednesday, July 23, 2014

Step 3: Identify Alternatives - Key Questions

Identifying alternatives opens up the potential for finding more efficient, safer, and more sustainable solutions. This step will help you get a clear overview of your different options.

Key Questions

  • Are there chemical alternatives that have been implemented in similar applications?
  • Are there material changes or process changes that could replace the use of hazardous chemicals?
  • Are there other businesses that are also seeking safer alternatives for the same chemical or a similar use of the chemical? Are there opportunities to collaborate?

Wednesday, July 2, 2014

Step 2: Examine Current Chemical Use - Further Resources

Creating Chemical Inventories

Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection. Toxics Use Reduction Planning and Plan Update Guidance. *(PDF) This guidance describes and provides support for the toxics use reduction planning process, presents best management practices, and shares examples of actual toxics use reduction successes.

New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection. Industrial Pollution Prevention Planning. *(PDF) This report identifies twelve steps that can help firms identify and achieve pollution prevention opportunities.

NEWMOA. Energy and Materials Flow and Cost Tracker (EMFACT). This software tool helps companies systematically track materials and energy use; releases, discharges, and wastes; and associated costs in ways that can create value for their business.

Obtaining Product Chemical Information

Green Chemistry and Commerce Council. Meeting Customers’ Needs for Chemical Data: A Guidance Document for Suppliers. *(PDF) This document outlines resources that can assist suppliers in collecting and providing chemical information to their customers.

Assessing Chemical Hazard

ChemSec. SIN (Substitute It Now!) List. This database contains 626 chemicals identified as Substances of Very High Concern based on the criteria established by the EU chemical regulation, REACH.
Dutch Ministry of Housing, Spatial Planning and Environment. Quick Scan. *(PDF) This is a screening method that uses existing data, criteria and decision-making rules to evaluate substances and place them into categories of concern based on hazard.

European Chemicals Agency (ECHA). Classification and Labeling Inventory Database. This database contains classification and labeling information on REACH notified and registered substances received from manufacturers and importers, as well as the list of EU harmonized hazard classifications.
Healthy Building Network. Pharos. This resource includes a chemical and material library containing over 20,000 substances screened against over 40 authoritative hazard and warning lists. The library identifies health hazards that may come directly from exposure to a substance or from chemicals used or created in its production.

Interstate Chemicals Clearinghouse (IC2). State Priority Chemicals Resource. This database contains lists of priority chemicals developed under various state laws.
ISTAS. RiscTox. This database provides information about health and environmental risks for over 100,000 chemical agents.

IUE-CWA and BlueGreen Alliance. ChemHAT—Chemical Hazard and Alternatives Toolbox. This database provides information on chemical hazards, uses, exposures, and safer alternatives.
KEMI--Swedish Chemicals Agency. PRIO. This is a web-based tool intended to facilitate the assessment of health and environmental risks of chemicals so that risk reduction opportunities can be identified and prioritized.

Ministry of Social Affairs and Employment of Netherlands. Stoffenmanager. This is a tool for small and medium-sized enterprises to prioritize their health risks to dangerous substances and to determine effective control measures.

SUBSPORT. Restricted and Priority Substances Database. This database contains 32 lists of substances that are legally or voluntarily restricted or are recommended for restriction due to their hazards.
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. ChemView. This web tool displays key health and safety data on chemicals and provides streamlined access to EPA assessments, hazard characterizations, and information on safer chemical ingredients.

U.S. National Library of Medicine. TOXNET: Toxicology Data Network. This database provides information on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, environmental health, and toxic releases.