Wednesday, May 6, 2015

Steps to an effective hazcom program for employers

3. Ensure containers are labeled cont'd

Figure 3. HazCom 2012 Pictograms
HCS Pictograms and Hazards

Health Hazard

Health Pictogram
  • Carcinogen
  • Mutagenicity
  • Reproductive Toxicity
  • Respiratory Sensitizer
  • Target Organ Toxicity
  • Aspiration Toxicity

Flame

Health Pictogram
  • Flammables
  • Pyrophorics
  • Self-Heating
  • Emits Flammable Gas
  • Self-Reactives
  • Organic Peroxides

Exclamation Mark

Health Pictogram
  • Irritant (skin and eye)
  • Skin Sensitizer
  • Acute Toxicity
  • Narcotic Effects
  • Respiratory Tract Irritant
  • Hazardous to Ozone Layer (Non-Mandatory)

Gas Cylinder

Health Pictogram
  • Gases Under Pressure

Corrosion

Health Pictogram
  • Skin Corrosion/Burns
  • Eye Damage
  • Corrosive to Metals

Exploding Bomb

Health Pictogram
  • Explosives
  • Self-Reactives
  • Organic Peroxides

Flame Over Circle

Health Pictogram
  • Oxidizers

Environment

(Non-Mandatory)
Health Pictogram
  • Aquatic Toxicity

Skull and Crossbones

Health Pictogram
  • Acute Toxicity (fatal or toxic)

■ A precautionary statement is a phrase that describes recommended measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure to a hazardous chemical, or improper storage or handling. Example: Do not eat, drink, or smoke when
using this product.

Precautionary statements are key to helping you decide what you need to do to protect workers and your workplace. There are four types of statements: Prevention, Response, Storage, and Disposal. These have been assigned to hazard classes and categories.

Therefore, a compliant HazCom 2012 label on a shipped container will have at least the following information as shown in Figure 5 (supplemental information is permitted as long as it does not conflict with the required information).

You are required by paragraph (f)(6) of the standard to ensure that containers of hazardous chemicals in your workplace are labeled. For those containers that are received already labeled from the supplier, and are used in the workplace, simply maintaining the label received from the supplier is the best and easiest option. However, the standard is flexible, and employers may relabel these containers, or label other containers used in the workplace with various options as long as workers have immediate access to the specific information
about the physical and health hazards of the chemical. This could be included in the workplace hazard communication program.

Under paragraph (f)(7), employers may use signs, placards, process sheets, batch tickets, operating procedures, or other written material instead of affixing labels to individual stationary process containers, as long as the alternative method identifies which containers it applies to and conveys at least general information regarding the hazards of the chemicals. Paragraph (f)(8) of the standard also addresses portable containers into which the hazardous chemicals are transferred from a labeled container, and which are for the immediate use of the employee who performs the transfer. These portable containers do not have to be labeled.

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